RIVM Report 620089001
83 pages | English | 2012
Companies working with large amounts of hazardous substances fall under the Major Accident Risks Decree 1999. These companies must conform to specific requirements to prevent major accidents with serious consequences for man and environment. These companies are regularly visited by regulatory bodies such as the Labour Inspectorate. The inspectorate focuses on the risks to workers and evaluates whether these companies have a safety management system. It is important whether this safety management system is tailored to the risks involved and whether it works well.
Indicators: how well a company manages risks
The RIVM has explored whether it is possible to evaluate the major accident risks of a company based on safety performance indicators. Safety performance indicators are intended to provide information on the safety performance of a company. A set of indicators helps managers and employees of the company to focus on the important risk factors and helps the regulator determine how well the company is managing its risk controls and whether it is improving. Safety performance indicators should be tailor-made when used by a company but will need to be generally applicable, communicable and unambiguous when used by the regulator. Indicators may develop over time, based on experience as to which provide the most effective and efficient information about the safety performance of a company with respect to the potential for a major accident.
Criteria for the development of safety performance indicators
It is recommended to develop indicators based on a list of 30 criteria. For example, an indicator should have a causal link with the risk. In addition, a concrete action on the indicator may be attached, such as improvement interventions. The indicator set should also be sufficient in number and frequency to be able to identify trends. For the research, the scientific literature as well as guidelines from industry and regulators were explored.