Current legislation for chemicals insufficiently covers the combined effects of substances on humans and the environment. RIVM discusses one approach to address these combined effects in the environmental risk assessment of substances under the European REACH Regulation.
Although ESBL-producing E. coli-bacteria occur most frequently on raw chicken meat, consumers are probably exposed to a higher number of ESBL-producing bacteria through eating raw or undercooked beef. To date it is unknown if exposure to ESBL-producing bacteria leads to carriage of these bacteria and whether this eventually results in a significant health burden in humans. From calculations in which the different kinds of meat have been investigated, it appears that almost 80% of the exposure to ESBL-producing bacteria is derived from beef. Most ESBL-producing bacteria were found on raw chicken. However, chicken meat is not eaten raw and therefore individuals are less exposed to these bacteria through the consumption of chicken meat.
The Netherlands aims to take the lead in the international ambition for a healthy, sustainable and safe dietary pattern. To achieve this aim an integral policy is required, in which safety, health and sustainability are taken into account. Research by RIVM analyses the opportunities and dilemmas for an integrated food policy.
There has been an ongoing outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis in Europe since 2015. It has also been present in the Netherlands since May 2016. Over 170 Dutch patients were affected by the outbreak. The Netherlands Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority (NVWA), the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), the Netherlands Controlling Authority Eggs (NCAE) and various municipal public health services determined jointly that these cases all derived from infected eggs from a small number of Polish companies with laying hens. No additional new patients have been registered in the Netherlands in recent weeks. This means that the European Salmonella outbreak seems to have been resolved, with a total of nearly 450 recorded cases.
The Suriname Water Company (SWM) recently started the implementation of Water Safety Plans (WSPs). The inception phase included a tailor-made training by Dr. Giuliana Ferrero (UNESCO-IHE) and Mr. Harold van den Berg (RIVM).