2016

  • Blood spot test extended as of 1 January 2017 to include two more disorders 22 December 2016

    As of 1 January 2017, the disorders alpha and beta thalassaemia will be added to the neonatal blood spot (‘heel prick’) screening programme. The Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport has notified parliament of this decision.

  • Guus Velders in Nature's "Ten people that mattered this year" 21 December 2016

    Researcher Dr Guus Velders of RIVM has made the Nature top-10 list of 2016. This means that, according to Nature, he was one of the 10 most influential scientists in 2016.

  • Playing sports on synthetic turf fields with rubber granulate is safe 20 December 2016

    New research by the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) shows it is safe for people to play sports on synthetic turf fields with an infill of rubber granulate. Rubber granulate contains numerous substances which were found to be released from the granulate in very low quantities. This is because the substances are more or less ‘enclosed’ in the granulate, which means that the effect of these substances on human health is virtually negligible.

  • New version ReCiPe 2016 to determine environmental impact 15 December 2016

    RIVM presents ReCiPe 2016 a new version of the in Europe commonly used life cycle impact model ReCiPe. With this model it is possible to determine to what extent the manufacturing process of a product has an impact on the environment.

  • Slight increase in number of TB patients in 2015 14 December 2016

    After many years of decrease, the number of tuberculosis patients in the Netherlands rose again in 2015 by 6 percent. In that year, 867 TB patients were reported in the Netherlands, compared with 814 in 2014. The causes are the increased influx of asylum seekers from countries where the incidence of TB is high, and a somewhat higher number of native Dutch people with tuberculosis in 2015. This is shown by the figures for 2015. RIVM reports these figures every year, in accordance with the WHO's aim to eliminate tuberculosis worldwide.

  • No scientific evidence for effect front-of-pack labels 12 December 2016

    Front-of-pack (FOP) nutrition labels can inform consumers about healthier products. However, a convincing evidence-base that front-of-pack labels help to make the range of products offered healthier or that they make consumers choose healthier products more frequently is lacking. This is the conclusion of the Independent Front-of-pack Logo Committee which studied the scientific literature on a number of front-of-pack logos at the request of the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport (VWS).

  • Leptospirosis cases continue to rise 07 December 2016

    In 2015, the previously reported increase in the number of people with leptospirosis (Weil’s disease being its most common form) is continuing. In 2014 there were annually approximately 30 patients diagnosed compared with 90 patients in 2015, an increase seen across Western Europe. This is evident from the Zoonotic Diseases Report 2015 published on December 1st. Furthermore, this edition provides an insight into the risks of zoonotic diseases on farms with additional activities and provides examples of measures for the prevention of diseases.

  • Number of STIs continues to rise at Dutch STI clinics 29 November 2016

    In the first half of this year more STIs were found in people who have been tested at Dutch STI clinics. The increase pertains to all STIs, with the exception of HIV. This is shown in the RIVM Thermometer Sexual Health 2016.

  • European Antibiotic Awareness Day 2016 17 November 2016

    Friday 18 November is European Antibiotic Awareness Day. On this day, throughout Europe attention focuses on the threat of antibiotic resistance to people and animals. Using antibiotics incorrectly or too frequently promotes the development and spread of bacteria that are resistant (no longer susceptible) to the effects of antibiotics. The risk is that illnesses such as pneumonia or bladder infections could become more difficult to treat, or even untreatable. In addition to responsible use of antibiotics, RIVM supports the prevention of the spread of resistant bacteria by providing insights into the occurrence and spread of resistance.

  • EU legislation genetically modified microbial biocontrol agents is fit for purpose 17 November 2016

    EU legislative instruments are sufficient to ensure the safety of such products. The applicable EU legislation provides all the necessary assurances for environmental protection, occupational health and safety, the safety of local residents in agricultural areas, and the main aspects of food and feed safety. However, no market applications of genetically modified microbial biocontrol agents are expected in the near future. This was shown by research conducted by RIVM.

  • Surveillance and developments National Immunisation Programme 2015-2016 15 November 2016

    The report provides an overview of effectiveness and safety of vaccines and vaccine research. In 2015, nearly 770,000 children aged 0 to 19 years received a total of 2.160.000 vaccinations within the National Immunisation Programme (NIP).

  • Need for strategy to assess endocrine disrupting chemicals 08 November 2016

    There is a need for a strategy to enable companies and governments to assess whether chemicals are endocrine disrupting. Currently, in most cases it is impossible to determine, based on the standard information requirements, whether chemicals meet the draft criteria recently published by the EU Commission. This became evident from two reports from RIVM.

  • RIVM starts field research into rubber granulate 08 November 2016

    RIVM has started to take samples of rubber granulate from 100 synthetic turf fields in the Netherlands. The purpose of this is to create a representative picture of the granulate's composition.

  • Benefits and bottlenecks for early marketing authorisation of new medicines 28 October 2016

    Patients are asking increasingly often for quicker access to new, innovative medicines. This requires a more effective use of flexible marketing authorisation procedures. Manufacturers, marketing authorisation and reimbursement authorities, patients and healthcare providers are working together to explore what is required to achieve this. RIVM investigated what benefits and potential hurdles might influence this new marketing authorisation concept.

  • Particle contamination on Silimed breast implants poses minimal risk 17 October 2016

    Particles were found on Silimed silicone-based breast implants that should not be there. These included man-made mineral fibres, such as glasswool and rockwool. The health risk of these particles is minimal. These are the findings of research conducted by RIVM, commissioned by the Dutch Health Care Inspectorate (IGZ) and other European health care authorities.

  • European Baseline Report SUSTAIN 17 October 2016

    The SUSTAIN project has published the European baseline report titled ‘Integrated care for older people living at home – Current situation and ambition of sites participating in the SUSTAIN project’.

  • EFSA agrees with RIVM that potential effect of BPA on the immune system requires further attention 13 October 2016

    RIVM expressed concerns on the effects of bisphenol a (BPA) on the immune system in a report issued in March 2016. Consequently, the Dutch minister of Health, Welfare and Sport, Edith Schippers, requested EFSA to consider this issue. EFSA states that the new evidence highlighted by RIVM adds to the indication already reported in 2015 that BPA might affect the immune system in animals, but is too limited to draw conclusions on human health.

  • RIVM research basis for historic climate agreement on HFCs 13 October 2016

    Scientific research by RIVM’s Guus Velders stood partly at the basis of the HFC global climate agreement. This agreement was closed on Friday, October 14th in Kigali (Rwanda) to reduce the use of HKFs. The use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), has increased substantially in recent years since they are used as substitutes for ozone depleting substances (such as CFCs) in refrigerators, air conditioners and insulation materials.

  • Shortcomings in technical documentation of both existing and new blood glucose meters 12 October 2016

    RIVM expressed concerns on the effects of bisphenol a (BPA) on the immune system in a report issued in March 2016. Consequently, the Dutch minister of Health, Welfare and Sport, Edith Schippers, requested EFSA to consider this issue. EFSA states that the new evidence highlighted by RIVM adds to the indication already reported in 2015 that BPA might affect the immune system in animals, but is too limited to draw conclusions on human health.

  • Documentary Sea Blind on Dutch Television 12 October 2016

    Sea Blind is a documentary about the impact of shipping on the environment, especially on the Arctic Sea. Climate journalist Bernice Notenboom made this film with support from amongst others, the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, RIVM.

  • RIVM launches new web-based version of ConsExpo 10 October 2016

    An improved version of the computer program ConsExpo is now available via the RIVM website. Experts within and outside Europe use the program to assess the exposure to chemical substances from everyday consumer products such as paint, cleaning agents and personal care products. The new ConsExpo Web is launched during the annual conference of the International Society of Exposure Science in the Jaarbeurs in Utrecht.

  • International attention for innovative approach sustainably managed landfills 04 October 2016

    RIVM and ECN have published a novel approach for calculating acceptable emissions from sustainably managed landfills. With these emissions, landfills no longer require perpetual aftercare. This saves money and reduces the burden for future generations of our present day waste. The approach for calculating acceptable emissions has been published in the scientific journal Waste Management.

  • Increase in excise taxes on alcohol can yield 14 to 20 billion euros in societal benefits 03 October 2016

    An increase in excise taxes of 50 per cent over a period of fifty years will result in societal benefits of 14 to 20 billion euro in the Netherlands. Improvement of work productivity, prevention of premature deaths, fewer traffic accidents, less police and justice costs and less school drop-outs are examples of the positive effects if alcohol consumption would be reduced. These are the findings of research conducted by RIVM.

  • Health effects due to titanium nanoparticles in food and toothpaste cannot be excluded 30 September 2016

    Health effects due to exposure to titanium dioxide nanoparticles via food, food supplements and toothpaste cannot be excluded. RIVM recommends further research to gain more insight on the likelihood of effects after long-term exposure. Because it has become clear that nanoparticles can behave differently as compared to larger particles or soluble substances, RIVM has investigated the health effects of the fraction of nanoparticles as present in the white colorant titanium dioxide. The findings have been published in the scientific journal Nanotoxicology.

  • Moderate flu season 29 September 2016

    Last winter season, the duration and severity of the influenza epidemic was moderate compared to previous years. There were more notifications of the notifiable respiratory infectious diseases tuberculosis) and legionellosis in 2015 than in previous years. This is concluded from RIVM’s Annual report Surveillance of influenza and other respiratory infections in the Netherlands 2015.

  • Support for improving health in all policies 14 September 2016

    The Health in All Policies (HiAP) approach involves multiple policy sectors collaborating for promoting and protecting population’s health and addressing health inequalities. It takes in to account not only the individual lifestyle but also wider health determinants including physical and social environment, prevention and care. The public health sectors for which it is important to collaborate are spatial planning, health care, education, employment and housing. To do this effectively, HiAP must be conducted as a continuous improvement process. This became evident from Ilse Storm’s PhD theses at the Free University and RIVM.

  • Assessment of health effects of alternative tobacco products 08 September 2016

    To assess the effects on the health of users of alternative tobacco products, more knowledge is required about the composition of the product, the smoker’s behaviour (such as the amount of cigarettes smoked or how deeply the smoke is inhaled) and the health effects of the product. Therefore, RIVM has made a first assessment of these so-called harm reduction products and the current knowledge on their use and health effects. Harm reduction products are products which are said to be less harmful to users’ health than normal tobacco (cigarettes, cigars and pipe tobacco).

  • Application of personalised medicine: opportunities and challenges 29 August 2016

    Pharmacotherapy based on individual patient characteristics such as genetic makeup, offers many potential benefits towards more effective treatment of a patients’ disease. However, it also involves many challenges. Genetic characteristics are notably only part of the puzzle to treat a disease effectively with medicines. Other factors such as age, genus, eating habit, other concomitant disease and the use of various medicines simultaneously also play a role. This is the outcome of RIVM research into the opportunities and challenges of personalised medicine, performed by t order of the Dutch Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport.

  • Strict diet combats aging diseases 24 August 2016

    Mice with a severe aging disease live three times longer if they eat thirty percent less. Moreover, they age much healthier than mice that eat as much as they want. These are the findings of a joint study published today by Erasmus MC and RIVM in the leading scientific journal Nature. The results can be very important for children with an aging disease who now still die very young. These findings may eventually facilitate unraveling the causes of other age-related diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease.

  • Improved protection against pertussis 04 August 2016

    The international PERISCOPE project has been granted a 30 million Euro European subsidy in order to better map the immune response to pertussis infection and vaccination. Although current vaccines against pertussis, also known as whooping cough, provide proper and safe protection against serious illness in the short term, they do not prevent infections with the pertussis bacterium in the long term. In order to guarantee proper protection, more knowledge about the effects of the current vaccines is required. The project is to result in new research models and methods of analysis, which will clear the path to the development of improved vaccination strategies against pertussis.

  • Longest ever recorded flu epidemic measured in 2015 25 July 2016

    The most notable infectious disease outbreak in 2015 was the flu epidemic in the winter of 2014-2015, which at 21 weeks was the longest ever recorded in the Netherlands. This was concluded in the RIVM report ‘State of Infectious Diseases in The Netherlands 2015’.

  • First patient infected by tick-borne encephalitis virus 22 July 2016

    For the first time, a person in the Netherlands has fallen ill after a bite from a tick carrying the tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBE virus). The infection was most probably caused by a tick bite sustained during a walk in Utrechtse Heuvelrug National Park. The patient is now on the mend. Recently, the TBE virus was found in ticks in Sallandse Heuvelrug National Park. The virus occurs in various countries in Northern, Central and Eastern Europe, including Germany and Austria.

  • Livestock farming affects pulmonary function in local residents 20 July 2016

    COPD patients living near livestock farms suffer more complications. In addition, researchers have noted reductions in pulmonary function in the research area due to emissions of ammonia, and pneumonia occurs more frequently. Conversely, there is less asthma and fewer allergies near livestock farms. These are the key findings of the Dutch study ‘Livestock Farming and Neighbouring residents Health’.

  • Nicoline Tamsma re-elected as EuroHealthNet president 19 July 2016

    Nicoline Tamsma has been elected to serve a new two-year term as EuroHealthNet president. EuroHealthNet is a European network organisation of public health and health promotion institutes. Its mission is to help build healthier communities and tackle health inequalities within and between European States. RIVM is a member of this network.

  • RIVM and German BfR enter cooperation agreement on animal protection and food safety 05 July 2016

    The German Federal Institute of Risk Assessment (BfR) and the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, RIVM have signed a cooperation agreement, focused on developing new scientific methods for risk assessment of toxicity of mixtures, food ingredients, contaminants and pesticide residues. The agreement also provides for scientific cooperation in the area of alternatives for animal testing.

  • Bacteria slightly more often resistant to last resort antibiotics 05 July 2016

    Antimicrobial resistance is a global problem. In the Netherlands, some bacteria that can cause infections in people are more frequently resistant to antibiotics used as a last resort. This means that - if these developments continue - treatment options will eventually become increasingly limited. The use of antibiotics in health care is also increasing gradually. These are the findings of the NethMap/MARAN annual report.

  • Less STI tests in The Netherlands 23 June 2016

    The number of people who were tested for a Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) at a Dutch STI clinic has dropped for the first time in years. The percentage of people diagnosed with an STI increased to 17.2 per cent. Chlamydia continues to be the most prevalent STI. This emerges from the RIVM report ‘Sexually Transmitted Infections in the Netherlands in 2015’.

  • RIVM and Chinese monitoring center for oceans exploring collaboration 20 June 2016

    Knowledge development in China is valuable for addressing environmental issues in Europe, and vice versa. Therefore, RIVM and the Chinese National Marine Environment Monitoring Center (NMEMC) are exploring possibilities for knowledge exchange and collaboration. During a visit of a delegation of NMEMC, the parties have explored possibilities for collaboration. RIVM looks forward to developing a working relationship.

  • Technical files of silicone breast implants show shortcomings 09 June 2016

    For medical devices such as breast implants, manufacturers are obliged to compile a ‘technical file’ based on which market authorization of the product will be decided. Files of 10 manufacturers placing breast implants on the Dutch market show clear shortcomings. Laboratory analyses of the actual implants showed no deviations that could cause health damage.

  • Annual report 2015 RIVM online 06 June 2016

    In our annual report, we look back at compelling RIVM projects and research in 2015. For instance the safety of injection needles, natural radiation in dwellings, the influenza epidemic of 2014/2015 and the introduction of the heel prick in the Dutch Caribbean.

  • Less air pollution from traffic and industry but increased contribution from agriculture 31 May 2016

    International air policy has shown good results in Europe: in the past 35 years the air has become cleaner. Nevertheless air pollution is still an important cause of premature death. Cleaner vehicles and industrial installations were the main reason for emission reductions. The contribution from agricultural sources became more important. These are the some findings of the report Towards Cleaner Air developed under the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (Air Convention), launched in Brussels today.

  • Early detection of work-related health risks in Europe 26 May 2016

    At European level, different methods are used to identify substances and processes that may cause cancer as early as possible, the so-called early warning systems. Besides signaling tools, databases are available with information on exposure to hazardous substances and processes, and health effects. This emerges from an inventory by the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, RIVM, for identifying new and emerging risks for workers in 51 European countries.

  • Burden of disease and societal costs of work-related cancer in the European Union 25 May 2016

    Yearly approximately 122,600 people in the EU are diagnosed with cancer, caused by past exposure to carcinogenic substances at work. As a result, an estimated 79,700 people in the European Union die every year. Health care expenditure and productivity losses are estimated to cost between €4-7 billion annually for the European Union. These are the outcomes of calculations by the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, RIVM.

  • Teun van Dillen awarded Young Professional Award Radiation Protection and Safety 19 May 2016

    Teun van Dillen was awarded second place in the Young Professionals Competition at the international conference of radiation experts in Cape Town for his work on the SUDOQU methodology. This methodology can be used for calculating the radiation dose from exposure to ionising radiation from surface-contaminated objects used by workers and/or members of the public.

  • Minor differences in the energy balance are responsible for the onset of obesity among children 19 May 2016

    Minor differences in the daily energy balance (the intake versus the expenditure of calories) are responsible for the development of obesity among children in the long term, as demonstrated through PhD research by Saskia van den Berg, carried out by the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, RIVM in conjunction with the Julius Center of the University Medical Center Utrecht Utrecht, UMC Utrecht.

  • Integrated approach reduces harmful effects of medicines in surface waters 17 May 2016

    Residues of medicinal products, such as painkillers, hormones and antidepressants, are increasingly detected in surface water and drinking water. Some medical product residues are known to have environmental effects. To limit damage to the environment, we need solutions that also ascertain the positive effects of medicines, now and in the future.

  • Low level of radon in groundwater and drinking water in The Netherlands 29 April 2016

    The determination of radon in a number of groundwater and finished drinking water samples from the Dutch provinces Overijssel and Limburg show a low level of radon. A comparison of the data with an earlier campaign in 1995 shows that radon-222 activity concentrations in water samples in the Netherlands are at a constant and low level.

  • Step forward in the battle against pertussis 28 April 2016

    Addition of an extra adjuvant (additive) to the current pertussis vaccines could enhance the effectivity of these vaccines. Moreover, a new generation vaccine, an outer-membrane vesicle vaccine, might be even more effective in protecting against pertussis. Based on this research, Jolanda Brummelman, of the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), will obtain her doctorate degree at the University Utrecht on April 28th .

  • European directors meeting IANPHI 14 April 2016

    On 14 and 15 April the European directors of national public health institutes (NPHIs) are present in Bilthoven to share knowledge, discuss topical issues and identify areas where a joint approach could be advantageous. These meetings are held once a year at both international and European level. The meeting of European NPHI directors often takes place in the country that holds the EU Presidency. This year, therefore, it takes place in the Netherlands and is hosted by the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM).

  • Higher incidence of obesity and high blood pressure in new adult generations 13 April 2016

    Younger generations are more at risk of developing health problems due to obesity and high blood pressure than previous generations. These risk factors are becoming more common and are developing at a younger age. At the end of the 1980s, 7-8 percent of people in their 40s had obesity and this had increased to 11-15 percent 16 years later. More than 80 percent of all cardiovascular diseases in men and women aged 20-60 were attributable to unfavorable levels of blood pressure,cholesterol, weight and smoking. This is a conclusion of Gerben Hulsegge's doctoral research, carried out by RIVM in collaboration with the Julius Center of University Medical Centre Utrecht.

  • One-quarter of lowest educated obese 11 April 2016

    Among people aged 25 and older who have completed primary education at most, one-quarter are obese (seriously overweight). Among university graduates this figure is 6 percent. These are the outcomes of the Lifestyle Monitor 2015, a joint publication by Statistics Netherlands (CBS), The RIVM Centre for Nutrition, Prevention and Health Services and the Dutch Centre of Expertise on Health Disparities Pharos. In this study, respondents self-reported their body weight and height.

  • Lab tests alone not conclusive for diagnosis of Lyme disease 06 April 2016

    Lyme disease can cause a variety of complaints in patients. Laboratory tests for the disease can support medical practitioners in making a diagnosis but are not necessarily conclusive. This was the conclusion of study conducted by a group of more than 20 European experts on the reliability of serological tests in the diagnosis of Lyme disease.

  • Preliminary assessment of dietary exposure to 3-MCPD in the Netherlands 06 April 2016

    During the production of refined vegetable oils and fats, and especially palm oil, a process contaminant called 3-MCPD is formed. Foods that may contain high levels of this substance are margarines, sauces, coffee creamers and bakery products. Since this compound may be harmful to the kidney, the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) has calculated how much people may ingest of this substance via food to assess if the intake exceeds the health-based guidance value for 3-MCPD. Due to the limited available concentration data, it is not possible to draw firm conclusions regarding dietary exposure to 3-MCPD and the impact on our health.

  • Jacob van Klaveren appointed as guest Professor at the Technical University of Denmark 05 April 2016

    On 15 March 2016, Jacob van Klaveren was appointed as guest Professor in risk-benefit analyses at the Technical University of Denmark, DTU. He will work on the improvement of (international) risk-benefit analyses of chemicals in food. In addition to scientific and methodological issues, international cooperation and recognition on the integrated risk assessment approach is an important aspect of his guest professorship. Van Klaveren is senior scientific advisor of mixture exposure and risk assessment at the center for Nutrition, Prevention and Health Services at the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM).

  • Tuberculosis control in the Netherlands: current situation and five-year plan 23 March 2016

    Every year on 24 March, the world marks ‘World TB Day’ to raise awareness for the global fight against tuberculosis (TB)– one of the world’s top infectious killers. The World Health Organization (WHO) is calling on countries and partners to "Unite to End Tuberculosis". In 2014, the Netherlands endorsed the World Health Organization's Global End TB Strategy. The Dutch National Tuberculosis Control Plan 2016-2020 sets out the interventions that are needed to achieve the interim-objectives of this strategy.

  • New possibilities for the responsible recycling of plastics 22 March 2016

    RIVM proposes the consideration of a broader environmental perspective in the trade-off between incineration and recycling of plastics. Plastics with dangerous substances in them are now mostly incinerated. In many cases these plastics can be recycled or re-used in such a manner that humans and the environment are not exposed to these dangerous substances. An English version of this report has become available to facilitate international developments.

  • More tobacco products, number of additives stable 18 March 2016

    In 2014, the number of tobacco products on the Dutch market increased to 4212. This is a 5 percent increase compared to 2013. The total number of submitted additives is quite stable (1214 in 2014, compared to 1261 in 2013). Most additives are added to the tobacco as flavouring. These are often sweet flavours such as sugars, cocoa, vanilla, or liquorice.

  • Discussions on internet forums as a valuable source to understand patients’ perspectives 17 March 2016

    Patients' perspectives do not always correspond to those of healthcare professionals and policy-makers. That is the conclusion of an analysis of how chronically ill patients talk about their illness and their medication on internet forums. This shows that insight in patients’ perspectives on the internet can be a valuable source of information for healthcare professionals and policy-makers.

  • RIVM recommends more stringent EU standards BPA 03 March 2016

    More stringent European standards for safe exposure of workers and consumers to bisphenol A (BPA) were proposed in 2014 and 2015. The Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) concludes that new insights sufficiently warrant consideration of even more stringent standards and recommends taking supplementary measures in the near future for a further reduction of BPA exposure.

  • INHERIT research project kicks off 01 March 2016

    RIVM experts joined 17 other partners from science, health and technology sectors in Brussels to start work on the INter-sectoral Health Environment Research for InnovaTions (INHERIT) project.

  • Historical research on reduction of childhood mortality due to vaccination 11 February 2016

    To what extent has the National Vaccination Programme contributed to the prevention of disease and mortality since the beginning of the 20th century? This is the question Maarten van Wijhe and others were looking to answer in his doctoral research. He has studied the role of the National Vaccination Programme (RVP) in the reduction of childhood mortality since its introduction in the Netherlands in 1953.

  • Need for adjustment authorisation for gene drive applications 08 February 2016

    The National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) advises to bring all gene drive applications under the authorisation requirement of the Dutch GMO legislation. A gene drive is a genetic trait that is built into the DNA of an organism in such a way that it is passed on to all its offspring, instead of only to some of the offspring. This trait is passed down through the generations. This trait can spread quickly and permanently through an entire population, especially when organisms reproduce rapidly.

  • Need for circular use of materials in construction 29 January 2016

    Construction and demolition waste are being recycled on a large scale to use as a foundation for e.g. roads, but recycled building materials are hardly ever used in the construction of buildings. Together with the government, the construction sector wishes to develop a vision on the high-quality use and reuse of materials in a circular economy. They also want the demolition of structures and the reuse of materials and construction elements to be pre-financed, which will make it attractive to optimally reuse materials.

  • Breakthrough on cumulative risk assessment exposure to pesticides in food 27 January 2016

    The European Commission, Member States and EFSA have taken a major step forward in their work on assessing the cumulative risks from exposure to pesticides in food. A scalable version of the Monte Carlo Risk Assessment (MCRA) software tool has been developed for carrying out exposure assessments of multiple pesticides.

  • Tool for risk assessment of nanomaterials in cosmetics 25 January 2016

    Both regulators and manufacturers need to evaluate and manage consumer health risks that may be posed by the use of nanomaterials in cosmetics. RIVM has found that it is feasible to develop an electronic tool (program) that allows an estimation of the risk of the use of nanomaterials in cosmetics. The outcome of the risk assessment is important as it indicates whether measures need to be taken to mitigate and/or reduce the observed risks.

  • New possibilities for the responsible recycling of plastics 15 January 2016

    RIVM proposes the consideration of a broader environmental perspective in the trade-off between incineration or recycling of plastics. Plastics with dangerous substances in them are now mostly incinerated. In many cases these plastics can be recycled or re-used in such a manner that humans and the environment are not exposed to these dangerous substances.

  • Priorities for science and society about the influence of ecosystems on well-being 14 January 2016

    An international network of researchers has set new priorities for science and society in the area of ecosystems and their influence on social well-being. This prioritisation was published on the occasion of the ten-year anniversary of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. RIVM provided an important contribution on behalf of the Netherlands.

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